Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was known as one of the founders of modern political science, specifically political ethics. He wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry.
“The lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. One must therefore be a fox to recognize traps, and a lion to frighten wolves.” Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince.
Information from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli